The Virginia Holocaust Museum collection consists of authentic, historical objects, documents, photographs, digital files, and oral histories related to and from the Holocaust (1933-1945) and World War II (1939-1945). Although these two time periods are the focus of the collection, the VHM also collects objects from prior to the Holocaust and WWII if they are related to local survivors and liberators, or to events that contributed to the Holocaust. Finally, the collection also encompasses artifacts related to the aftermath of these time periods, including but not limited to the Nuremberg Trials, Displaced Persons Camps, and emigration out of Europe.
The Museum collects objects from all areas affected during these time periods with a focus on Europe and Virginia. Although objects in the collection help to tell the broad narrative of the Holocaust, the collection focuses on local Holocaust survivors, liberators, and their families.