|Collection||Simone Schwarz Family Papers|
|Dates of Creation||1997-2009|
|Extent of Description||0.2 linear foot (1 box)|
|Other Creators||Inge Horowitz and Andrew Heller|
Simone Schwarz (née Golub) was born on September 8, 1927 in Krewo, Poland. She was one of five children born to Moishe and Sara Golub (née Gershonowitz), having three sisters-Rachka, Bella, and Michla-and one brother-Shimenele. The Golub family owned and operated a shoe store in Krewo, which provided them with a comfortable life in Poland.
In 1941 the family was forced to move to a local ghetto. Simone's father, who had been badly beaten by Nazis and needed medical attention, died shortly after this move. That same year, the Golub family was deported to the Plaszow concentration camp. During this move, Simone's sister Bella attempted to escape with her boyfriend. Both were killed while trying to flee.
The remaining members of the family were able to stay together in the first three camps and ghettos they were moved to: Plaszow, Riga, and a camp in Estonia. They were separated in Stutthoff where Sara and Shimenele perished. Simone and Michla remained together and were transferred to three additional camps: Kaufering, Dachau, and Bergen-Belsen. They were liberated from Bergen-Belsen in 1945.
After liberation, Simone and Michla stayed in a DP camp where Simone met her husband, Kalman Schwarz. The couple married in 1946 in Bayreuth, Germany. They lived there until 1951, having two sons, Maurice and Harry. The family later moved to the States in 1951 where they had their last child, Susie.
|Copyrights||No restrictions on use.|
|Language of Material||English.|
|Scope & Content||
The Schwarz, Simone (Golub) Family Papers contain biographical materials, photographs, claims applications, and articles. Biographical materials detail Simone's experiences during the Holocaust. These materials include notes from an interview with Simone, a short biography on her, a personal narrative written by Simone, and a list of places she was from 1929 - 1945.
Photographs are of Simone's parents, her wedding, and of her family in Richmond. These images provide a visual representation of her life and family before and after the war. Claims applications provide a similar representation, detailing what her family was like and what they lost during the Holocaust. Applications were completed by Simone for herself and her parents. Finally, articles document Simone's experience during the Holocaust, and her efforts to memorialize it.
Beyreuth, Bavaria, Germany
New York City, New York
Plaszow (concentration camp)
Stutthof (concentration camp)
Kaufering (concentration camp)
Bergen-Belsen (concentration camp)
Gross Rosen (concentration camp)
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)-Poland-Personal narratives
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)-Reparations
United States - Emigration and immigration - History - 20th Century
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