|Collection||Eisenmann Family Papers|
|Dates of Creation||1941-2008|
|Extent of Description||0.2 linear foot (1 box)|
|Creator||Virginia Holocaust Museum|
|Other Creators||Barry Wilhite|
Lina Eisenmann (neè Binswanger) was born May 19, 1889 in Augsburg, Germany. She was married to Dr. Sigmund Eisenmann, a veterinarian. The couple had one daughter, Kathe Underwood (neè Eisenmann; b. February 9, 1909), who they raised in Augsburg. In 1937, Sigmund passed away.
Kathe was married to Dr. Lucas Underwood (b. Ludwig Unterholzner), a conductor, musician, and musical theorist. As a Catholic, Lucas was given the ultimatum by the Third Reich to either leave his Jewish wife, or give up his musical career in Germany. Refusing to leave Kathe, the couple was forced to flee Germany. They attempted to gain passage for Kathe's mother as well, but their request was denied. Without Lina, the couple moved to California where Lucas was eventually able to gain a position as a Professor of Opera at the University of the Pacific. Kathe passed away in Stockton, CA in August 2008.
Still in Germany, Lina attempted to flee in the early forties with the assistance of her American cousin, Sam Binswanger. Binswanger was the grandson of the founder of Binswanger Glass, a Richmond based glass company founded in 1872. Lina was unable to gain passage to the States, and was deported to Auschwitz in March 1942. She perished in the camp in 1943.
|Copyrights||No restrictions on use.|
|Language of Material||English and German.|
|Scope & Content||The Eisenmann Family Papers contain biographical materials, and a letter. Biographical materials include two Yad Vashem database records for Lina Eisenmann. One was compiled by a researcher, the other was created by Kathe Underwood. Biographical materials also include Kathe Underwood's obituary written for the Augsburg Algemeine. The letter included in the Record Group was written by Lina Eisemann to her cousin, Sam Binswanger. It discusses a failed attempt to get Lina out of Germany and presents potential options for her future passage out of the country.|
Richmond, Virginia, United States
Auschwitz (concentration camp)