|Collection||Schmidt Family Papers|
|Extent of Description||0.5 linear foot (1 box)|
The focus of this record group is on a trio of brothers who each served in the Nazi Party. Dr. Karl Schmidt was the oldest of the brothers and was born on March 10, 1902 in Landau/Pfalz, Germany. Karl worked in the state ministry in Munich, studied medicine to become a doctor, and was the Kreisrechtsamtsleiters, or leader of his local NSDAP district party. His fervor for the Nazi party would land him on the supervisory board, a prestigious position hand chosen by the Ministry of the Interior. After the war, he found himself in a Soviet prison where he sustained multiple head injuries. After his release his injuries kept him from living a normal life, and on January 1, 1946 he committed suicide.
Ludwig Hermann Tobias Schmidt was the second eldest and was born on February 4, 1906 in Biebermühle. Ludwig was also an avid member of his local NSDAP party, but worked for the German Federal Railways as a railway inspector in Kaiserslautern. He would later receive a job offer in Ludwigshafen to intern and work for the Nazis, a post he accepted and remained at for 3 years of training in Kaiserslautern. Ludwig married Emma Katherina Brunn on May 5, 1934; however, their marriage would later end in divorce. His death is not mentioned in the papers, but he would be the only living son by the end of the 1940's.
Hermann Schmidt was the youngest of the brothers and was born on June 17, 1917 in Kaiserslautern. He was a pupil at the Humanist gymnasium of the Empire for many years, eventually choosing to study medicine like his eldest brother. At a young age he became a sergeant and ROA for the Nazis; for his participation in the Nazi fight against Russia he was awarded the Iron cross 2nd class, the east medal, and other awards. On July 25, 1943, Hermann and his fiancée/wife (their relationship status is unclear) were found dead near the Neckar River. Their death is presumably due to a whirlpool that caused the two to drown. He was 26.
The parents of the brothers, Ludwig Schmidt, a railroad inspector born on March 27, 1873 in Kaiserslautern, and Emilie Schmidt (nèe Gurth) born on March 3, 1873 in Zeiskam, were married in Kaiserslautern on April 18, 1904. Ludwig Sr. died on July 23, 1924; information on the death of his wife, Emilie, is not mentioned. After the war Emilie, moved back to her place of birth and kept in contact with her only living son, Ludwig.
|Copyrights||No restrictions on use.|
|Language of Material||German|
|Scope & Content||
The Schmidt Family Papers contain documentation for each of the brothers, but the majority is related to Ludwig Hermann Tobias Schmidt.
Folder 1 contains the personal documents of the Schmidt family including membership cards for the Land owners association (Ludwig, Jr.) and the German Student Union (Hermann). The folder also includes an identification card of Ludwig Jr., displaying his position as an Inspector for the German Federal Railways, issued on May 27, 1952; as well as Emilie Schmidt's (nèe Gurth) German Empire ID, issued October 6, 1939. The birth certificate for Ludwig Jr. is included as well as the marriage certificate for Jakob Brunn and Frieda Auguste Hach, (married April 12, 1934 in Kaiserslautern, and who were the In-Laws of Ludwig Jr.); the marriage certificate of Ludwig and Emma Katherine Brunn on May 5, 1934; and the marriage settlement between the couple during their divorce.
Folder 2 includes a large collection of baptismal records of the entire Schmidt family. Certificates for the three brothers, the parents, both sets of grandparents, and great grandparents are included. The baptismal records for Ludwig Jr.'s wife Emma Brunn's family are also in the folder, which includes her parents, both sets of grandparents, and great grandparents. There are baptismal certificates for another family as well whose connection to the Schmidt's is unclear. All certificates are copies of the originals and were accessed within the time period of 1934-1939. Each certificate is proof of a protestant baptism.
Folder 3 includes financial documents from the family, such as bills and salary sheets.
Folder 4 contains the papers of Hermann Schmidt. His papers include school documentation such as a business card displaying his status as a medical student, progress reports from the Humanist Gymnasium of the Empire which he attended for many years and made good marks, and a postcard that granted him the right to pursue higher education. The folder also contains army military papers such as a certificate of good conduct from his service in the army-which he served in from November 2, 1937- March 31, 1939-a commitment translucent, and a letter granting him free studies because of his military duties.
Folder 5 contains the papers of Dr. Karl Schmidt. The folder includes work documents such as a business card, salary chart, and a salary confirmation. There are also documents that tie Karl to his local NSDAP party, with a presence certificate, letter of entry into the NSDAP (May 1, 1935), and the award of supervisory board granted to him on February 24, 1943 by the Minister of the Interior.
Folder 6 holds the papers of Ludwig Schmidt (Jr.) and includes sections for both his school documents and his work documents. The first section contains the annual reports for Ludwig from a high school in Kaiserslautern from the years: 1917-1922. It also includes year certificates, an exit certificate from secondary school, and a testimony about his performance. The second section in the folder contains documents pertaining to Ludwig's work such as a job offer from the German State Railway society on March 12, 1934, information about training schedules and duties, and the day to day performances Ludwig will be preforming as an intern/trainee. It also includes a letter written by Ludwig for monetary assistance to support his small family. The papers chronologically show the progression of Ludwig in the workforce, going from trainee, to trainer, to inspector. His score cards are included that prove he passed his tests and an invitation for admission into the German railroad society in Kaiserslautern.
Folder 6 also contains a number of reports written by co-workers of Ludwig around the time of January 14-February 18, 1942. The reports began when the locksmith Fredrich Schlegalmilch (or Schl) claimed to see co-worker Müller utilizing work property and work time inappropriately. Muller refuted the allegations as slanderous, and the two of them reported multiple accounts from each perspective that included name dragging Ludwig into the story. In the end, Ludwig sided with Müller.
Folder 7 contains letters exchanged (mostly) between Ludwig (Jr.) and his mother, Emilie. These letters began before WWII and continue after it. There are a few letters from Hermann, but due to his early death, the letters are scarce.
Folder 8 includes magazines and articles. The first is the journal created by the Maximilianeum Society, published on November 26/27, 1921 which contained a number of poems, articles, comic strips, sheet music, and pages written in Latin. There is also a handout about a metal donation opportunity on the birthday of the leader in 1940. Due to both Ludwig's interest in cars, there are two German Motoring magazines, each which contain both motoring information, as well as war propaganda. The last item is a map called, 'the War Memory in the West,' many cities are highlighted, it's unclear if it arrived that way, or if the Schmidt's drew on it.
Folder 9 contains an assortment of black and white, and colored photographs and negatives. There is a reoccurring family of four in the images, including a mother and father, a 7-9 year old boy with a crutch, and a 1-3 year old boy. There are also two American battle cards that display Anti-Nazi phrases and images. The later photos display men posing for their military photograph in Nazi uniforms. Both old men and young men are pictured.
Army State Management
Baptismal Book of the Parrish 1870
Der Deutsche Automobil Club (D.D.A.C)
District Court of Dillngen-Danube
German Federal Railways
German Motoring (magazine)
German Reichsbahn Society (State Railways)
German State Railroad Company
German State Railway Society
German Student Union
Government District of Swabia (Schwaben)
Humanist Gymnasium of the Empire
Land Owners association, Kaiserslautern
Mineral Springs Company
Ministry of the Interior
National Socialist Democratic Party (NSDAP)
Nazi Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK)
Parrish in Katzweiler
Parrish in Zeiskam
Police Stateion Bissingen County of Dillngee-Danube
Protestant Community church in Kaiserslautern
Railroad Shorthand Association
Reich ministry for Science, Education and Training
Reichsbahn Civil Service
Reichsbahn Central School Freimann
Reichsbahn repair shop
Reichsbahn Repairable factory
St. Martins Church
University of Heidelberg
Anneweiler (am Trifels), Rhineland German
Bissingen (district of Dillingen in Bavaria, Germany)
136 Bissingen B/ Donauworth Kurhaus (the home of Karl Schmidt 1945-1946)
Kaiserslautern, Richard-Wagnerstr. 16 (the home of Ludwig Schmidt, Jr. during and after the war)
Ludwigshafen (Rhein), Germany
Zeiskam, Saarpfalz, Germany
Zeiskam (Pfalz), Rhineland, Germany