|Collection||Windmueller Family Papers|
|Dates of Creation||1922 - 2013|
|Extent of Description||1.5 linear feet (7 boxes)|
|Admin/Biographical History||Inge Horowitz, a volunteer at the Virginia Holocaust Museum, spent many years working with immediate and extended family to collect and document the second edition of the Windmueller Family Chronicle. They built on the first chronicle completed by Fritz (Fred) Windmueller in 1938. As tensions grew in Germany and Europe during the build up to the Second World War and the Holocaust, Fred took it upon himself to collect valuable family documents, trace his extensive family lineage, and compile the materials in a chronicle that could be easily published and shared. He felt it was an important task to complete before events started that would disrupt the family and the world. Fred immigrated to the United States with his family in May of 1938, where he settled in Richmond, Virginia. He remained active with the Jewish community in the area and continued to collect information pertaining to his family. When Fred passed away in 1977, his niece, Inge Horowitz, as well as his sister-in-law Ida Windmueller and Inge's daughter Rita took on the role to update and complete Fred's original work. Over the past few decades he had worked on accumulating more materials for a sequel to his original Chronicle. With Fred's legacy and dedication to hard work, Inge, Ida and Rita were able to compile a list of all family members who perished in the Holocaust, track down relatives living all across the world and compile many documents and photographs of family. This extension of the original Chronicle was completed in 1981. Inge remained active in collecting and identifying family materials into the 2000s while she continued to volunteer for the VHM. Her work has been instrumental for the family chronicle, museum and archives.|
|Copyrights||No restrictions on use.|
|Language of Material||English and German|
|Scope & Content||
The Windmueller Family Papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, immigration paperwork, business documentation, family photographs, research, newspaper clippings, a torah, and school notebooks. There are also two copies of the Windmueller Family Chronicle, second edition; one is plastic coil bound, the other hardcover and then there is an additional paperback 1984 supplement to the chronicle. The record group is organized by individual family members, however items regarding married couples were combined per couple.
Biographical materials include personal statements and narratives contributed to the Chronicle or sent to Inge from family members, most who recount their experiences before and during the war and Holocaust. A select few include impressions from return trips to Germany decades later. Correspondence can include personal handwritten letters and emails. Letters are primarily from the war years between family members who had immigrated and those still in Germany. Others include letters between old friends, and attempts to track down family members. Emails primarily regard research inquiries and discussions of findings between Inge, members of the museum, other family members, and individuals working at other institutions. Immigration paperwork includes official documentation from the Nazi Socialist Party, Red Cross, US Embassy and letters of responsibility. Business documentation include arrangements, agreements and receipts of transactions, the bulk of which are from the 1930s in Beckum and belong to Fritz (Fred) and his brothers Hugo, Kurt and Alfred. Photographs are kept with their associated documents and family members, photographs included in the "Family Photographs" folder had no adjoining documentation or individual folder to be placed with. Photographs depict relatives at displaced persons camps, family and individual portraits from before the war, homes, and family gatherings and events post-Holocaust in the United States, some others are from return trips to Germany. Articles and newspaper clippings are split between Inge's work in the Jewish community of Richmond, happenings in Beckum, Germany, community spotlights on a family member and obituaries. Research includes documentation of the history of Beckum and Munster and their Jewish populations. A Torah is included in the record group but its original owner is undetermined. There are also several school notebooks from Inge Horowitz's childhood in Beckum.
Copies of the Windmueller Family Chronicle, its supplement, and Shell Lory's dissertation are stored in boxes 4, 5, 6, and 7.
-There are digital copies of some included photographs and documents.
-Folder 23 has contributions to the Windmueller Family Chronicle that are not bound, the three copies of the chronicle that are bound are stored in boxes 5 and 6.
-Materials from Record Groups 32, 88, and 89 now all fall under RG 32.
Gurs Internment Camp
Dachau Concentration Camp
Westerbork Concentration Camp
St Cyprien Concentration Camp
Buchenwald Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Concentration Camp
Treblinka Extermination Camp
Sobibór, Extermination Camp
St. Louis, MO, USA
Mathews County, VA, USA
Richmond, VA, USA
The Jewish Community of Beckum
Evacuation of children from Muenster
National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD
American Red Cross Holocaust & War Victims Tracking Center
Greater Albany Jewish Federation
Hebrew Union College
Jewish Community Federation of Richmond
Jerome Riker International Study of Organized Persecution of Children
The Richmond Jewish News
Richmond Times Dispatch
University Press of America Inc.
Los Angeles Observer
Richmond News Leader
Us Holocaust Museum (Archives) Donor Agreement
United States - Emigration and Immigration - History - 20th Century
United States - Holocaust - Personal Narratives
United States - Holocaust - Victim's Families
Germany - Holocaust - Kristallnacht
England - Emigration and Immigration - History - 20th Century
Holocaust - Jewish Resistance
National Socialism and Genealogy
Jews - Genealogy